GRAVEYARD EYES (The Inspector Levent Series Book 1)

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Right Here, Right Now Vol. Customers who bought this item also bought! Beyond Oil. The indictment against Aral and Yelki was published on 9 April and both were detained. Ozkan Yucel, a lawyer from the Izmir Bar Association representing the victims' families, was elated:. The indictment accused Aral and Yelki of having instigated, "in the framework of a terror organization, a multiple murder and kidnapping.

He stated that he did not know Huseyin Yelki. When Kayra closed down in Yelki continued using the Zirve office to distribute Christian literature. Yelki testified in court on 21 May , now as a suspect. The charges against him were dropped. In a bizarre moment, Aral theatrically interrupted Emre, shouting, "I am the number one man in Ergenekon and I instigated these murders!

Let Jesus protect you. The court decided to drop the charges against Aral, who returned to Adiyaman prison to serve his prison term. It looked as if this was the end of his role in the Malatya court case. Nobody expected that over a year later Aral would once again become a key suspect. In his first statement to prosecutors after his arrest, Emre claimed to have met a mysterious "researcher" a few months before the murder.

Who was this researcher? An anonymous letter sent by email in the summer of claimed that Malatya's Protestants had been closely monitored for a long time both by the provincial gendarmerie and by academics from the Strategic Research Centre Stratejik Arastirma Merkezi of Inonu University in Malatya. The unknown author claimed to work for the gendarmerie in Malatya. The letter stated that. The anonymous author did not give any further information — he claimed that he feared being identified. The e-mail was not included in the October indictment. On 12 May Emre denied knowing anyone named Ruhi Abat.

Later two of his kids came there. Emre was years old [in ]. As it turned out, Abat was indeed a researcher with an intense interest in missionary activities. This became clear when Abat testified as a witness on 13 April , describing his work on missionaries in Malatya as "research that I consider important for religious and national values, and the unity of nation and state. The participants did this voluntarily," Abat told the court. He refused to state his opinion on whether or not missionary activities were a crime.

Abat admitted that he had also been in contact with the Malatya gendarmerie, including its head Mehmet Ulger. He insisted, however, that "most of these conversations [with Ulger] were about getting his support to prevent the closure of [Malatya University's] Theology Department. Testifying on the same day as Ruhi Abat, he told the court that he had met Abat in at a workshop on missionary activities.

Ulger explained that his contacts with Abat were related to a seminar and the preparation of a conference. Ulger claimed to have called Abat to inquire about a document he had found, which was written in Arabic. I don't remember whether I talked to Ruhi Abat from the office or from home. It might be that he called me at at night. Police had established that 1, phone calls had been made between Abat and the gendarmerie within a few months.

Ulger explained that many calls were made by the gendarmerie "in order to obtain information from a faculty member. Ulger said that he had heard about missionary activity in Turkey, but that he did not even know whether any took place in Malatya. There has been no payment at all to him. Ulger was then also asked about the testimony of another witness, Veysel Sahin. Sahin had been arrested in May when hand grenades and explosives were found in his home. Ulger, he recalled, arrived wearing civilian clothes. Sahin recalls that Ulger also introduced himself as a business partner of the Malatya Arena Book Cafe.

According to Veysel Sahin, Ulger himself had ordered members of the gendarmerie to threaten the other publishing houses, Zirve and Kayra. The investigation of his phone records confirmed that he had been in contact with Perincek's driver. In court Ulger explained that he knew Veysel Sahin, who had been an informer, but one who had never provided any information. On the contrary, as he was planning a criminal act he was arrested.

Following his arrest, Ulger told the court, Veysel Sahin threatened him. Three months after Ulger and Abat testified in court, another anonymous letter was sent, this time to Istanbul Prosecutor Zekeriya Oz, one of the prosecutors in the Ergenekon trial, and to Malatya Prosecutor Seref Gurkan. Its author pointed a finger at the Malatya Province Gendarmerie Intelligence unit:. The anonymous letter claimed that the gendarmerie dedicated many resources to investigating missionary activities and that it worked closely with academics, in particular with Ruhi Abat.

The anonymous author asserted that Ulger had also replaced the SIM card from a mobile phone belonging to one of the suspects in the Zirve murder case:. In February the victims' lawyer Erdal Dogan submitted five pages of documents identifying anonymous payments made by the Malatya Gendarmerie. Dogan obtained them and handed them over to the Malatya prosecutors.

As he explained,. Mehmet Ulger has not been summoned again to respond to the accusations made against him in the anonymous letter. The 29 th court hearing took place on 15 October With the testimonies of Orhan Kartal and Erhan Ozen, the court case took a new dramatic turn. Taking the stand in October he testified that Aral had told him that he was "a leading power behind the Zirve publishing house incident, that he was in contact with certain state circles, that one of them was JITEM leader Veli Kucuk, and that he was not alone.

Varol Bulent Aral, who was present in court at the request of the judge, started yelling at the end of Kartal's testimony. He was removed from the courtroom by force. Aral was again a suspect. Erhan Ozen, who had told Malatya prosecutors that he had worked as an informal intelligence officer with the secret Gendarmerie Intelligence and Counter Terrorism Department JITEM between and , was the next to testify. Ozen, already a witness in the Hrant Dink murder trial, is currently an inmate at the Iskilip Prison in the province of Corum.

His activities at JITEM, he had said, had been coordinated by former gendarmerie general Veli Kucuk and former gendarmerie general Levent Ersoz, both later indicted as part of the Ergenekon case. According to Ozen, "the Malatya operation was undertaken to create conditions for a coup. During his statement to the prosecutors on 13 October , two days before the court hearing, Ozen also testified that plans were made to damage the government's reputation. Muzaffer Tekin, a retired captain and member of the ultranationalist Worker's Party, played a leading role in organizing protests against Christians and liberal writers in Istanbul in and together with former gendarmerie general Veli Kucuk and other ultranationalists.

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He was linked to handgrenades found in Istanbul in in a place owned by a close associate of his, another retired military called Oktay Yilidirm. Tekin was charged with having ordered the attack killing a judge in Ankara see page 4. Tekin was indicted in the first Ergenekon indictment in Ozen claimed to know high-ranking figures in the military hierarchy. We would go out together. On one of these occasions we met Muzaffer Tekin.

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Until the end of I met Muzaffer Tekin many times. This was a few months before the Malatya Ulku Ocaklari organised demonstrations against local Christians. Ozen also claimed that the rector of Malatya's Inonu University, Fatih Hilmioglu, supported these activities and the monitoring of missionaries in Malatya by his staff. Hilmioglu had already been arrested in April and indicted in connection with the Ergenekon court case.

He was a close associate of the former head of the gendarmerie in Turkey, Sener Eruygur, who stands trial for plotting to overthrow the government in According to Ozen, Muzaffer Tekin often visited the rector, who was known for his strong ultranationalist convictions. After Ozen's interrogation, lawyer Erdal Dogan addressed the court calling for the Malatya court case to be merged with one of the ongoing Ergenekon court cases in Istanbul.

A tense atmosphere was dominating the 30 th court hearing on 3 December , where the issue of merging the trials came up again. Abuzer Yildirim's lawyer, Mert Eryilmaz, argued strongly against this. He read from a written text he submitted to the judge for the inclusion into the court files,.

He then turned towards the families of the victims: the mother of murdered Ugur Yuksel, who sat in the first row, right behind the five murder suspects, sobbing silently and to the widow of Tilmann Geske next to her. Though repeatedly advised by the judge to lower his voice, Eryilmaz delivered a hate speech: Christians were a "threat for the independence of our country", "the suspects were provoked by provocative separatist-destructive and treasonous activities of the evangelists and other missionaries all over Turkey. At the end of this delivery the judge requested the removal of Eryilmaz from the court room.

While he was dragged out by several police officers, he shouted, "This is a Protestant court! Given the nature of the crime, the connections of the suspects and the allegations swirling around them, it is not surprising that there is a lot of contradictory information, disinformation, and confusion.

There is a key suspect who allegedly told his associates that he had close links to one of Turkey's most famous organised crime figures. Can one believe them, or him? There is another suspect who was already in prison at the time of the Malatya murders for carrying around a Kalashnikov. One witness is in prison for previous membership of the PKK; a second for armed assault; a third for murder; a fourth for hiding weapons and explosives. There are three letters, which make detailed claims concerning the crime: one sent by a convicted murderer and two by anonymous sources which claim to work in the gendarmerie.

The question whom to believe is not only a dilemma for judges; it is also a dilemma for anybody following this trial and other, similar, and even more complicated ongoing court cases which involve allegations that the so-called "deep state" or senior generals might have been involved in carrying out or preparing illegal operations.

This is not a new dilemma. When a Mercedes and a truck crashed in the town of Susurluk in November the Turkish public learned that Abdullah Catli, a convicted mafia killer then wanted by the police, was travelling together with a member of parliament and a former Deputy Police Commissioner.

It later turned out that Abdullah Catli also had contacts with gendarmerie commanders, as well as with Grey Wolf ultra-nationalists. Police established that the last person to whom Catli spoke on the phone before the Susurluk accident was a person who was also refered to a number of times in the Malatya court toom: Veli Kucuk, the alleged founder of JITEM. Two reports one by the Turkish Parliament and one by an Inspector, Kutlu Savas, appointed by the Turkish Prime Minister , looking into the connections between the state and organised crime groups following the Susurluk incident in and , also discussed this shadowy organisation.

Turkish human rights activist and academic Murat Belge, who told media that he was tortured by Veli Kucuk following the military coup in , considered JITEM the embodiment of the Turkish "deep state". Aygan also explained how dangerous it was for anyone to be identified as a supporter or sympathizer of the PKK and what could happen:. JITEM then did its job. To do the job means to extra-judicially seize a person, bring him to JITEM and to interrogate him, and then to kill him.

To be identified as a PKK sympathizer could be a death sentence. Note that it was the claim however tendentious that missionaries were supporting separatists in Turkey, more than their religious activities, which was at the heart of the ultranationalist campaign against them in recent years. One of the most important and encouraging changes in Turkey since the Malatya court case began in late has been a decrease in openly anti-Christian media reports. There has also been a noticeable decline in the violence targeting Christians in Turkey.

This can be quantified: in recent years the Association of Protestant Churches in Turkey has published annual reports about human rights violations against Protestants. According to the most recent report, "many church leaders and the Protestant Community's legal counsel continue to find themselves under police protection because their lives are under threat. The Report listed 19 physical attacks, including the Malatya murders. It remains to be seen whether this trend will hold. In another crime shocked Turkey when a Catholic bishop Luigi Padovese was stabbed and killed; the court case concerning his murder is set to begin later this year.

Will the further course of the Malatya court case contribute to elucidating the background of ultranationalist violence in Turkey? On 15 April the victims' families' lawyers wrote a letter to the Presidency of the Court in Malatya, [] in which they demanded that the numerous links between the suspects in the Malatya case and those in the Ergenekon trials be investigated more thoroughly.

Everybody mentioned in this report and currently on trial in Malatya or in Istanbul has to be considered innocent until sentenced in a court. What is clear, however, is that crimes of this kind are by no means exceptional in Turkey's turbulent modern history. As Orhan Kemal Cengiz noted in a recent op-ed:. Only when this tradition of political violence and impunity comes to an end could Turkey be said to be safely and irreversibly on a democratic path.

It remains to be seen whether Turkish courts will be able to get to the bottom of the crimes targeting religious minorities; and whether the ultranationalist subculture of hatred will finally be brought under control. At the time of writing, a total of 27 witnesses have been heard over the course of 30 court hearings.

The first witnesses were heard during the 9 th Court Hearing on 4 July At the time of the event he lived in Kocaeli province near Istanbul. He was contacted by Emre Gunaydin through a Christian website and referred him to Necati. Migi was the accountant of the company Silk road set up by Tilmann Geske in Adana. On the day of the incident he came to Malatya to have Tilmann sign some documents.

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He saw Abuzer Yildirim in the Zirve office on the morning of the murder. Inmate in Elbistan prison. He claims to know Emre from his father's sports club and from the Ulku Ocaklari where they were both active as teenagers. Dogan states that he was initially chosen to commit the murder. Emre denies knowing Dogan. Her husband shared the office with Zirve. At around noon on the day of the murder she came with her husband to the office. Talas, a graphic designer, shared the office with Zirve.

On the day of the murder, he came to the office. When he could not open the door he called the police. A railway worker. He knows Emre from his father's sport centre. Polat is a member of the provincial assembly of the nationalist MHP. Abat is an academic at Malatya's Inonu University.

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By education he is a theologian. Around the time of the murder he was working in the strategic studies research centre on missionary activities in Malatya. Ulger was provincial Gendarmerie commander for Malatya from January to July An anonymous letters claimed that he instigated the Zirve murders. From to Colak worked in the intelligence unit of the Malatya Gendarmerie. As of he is based in Diyarbakir. He worked in the Malatya Gendarmerie from until June He was later moved to Igdir. He knows Huseyin Yelki, from whom he received a bible in Arabic. Aral told him that something had to be done about missionary activities and that those who would do something would become rich.

Kartal claimed that Aral told him that Aral was involved with the planning of the Zirve murders. Party closures, conspiracies and the future of democracy , April Padovese was himself killed by his driver on 3 June In Turkey female civil servants are not allowed to wear the headscarf at work. This particular teacher took her headscarf off before entering the school property but wore it outside the school.

One report stated that "particularly the slicing of fingertips has convinced observers of the consciously religious motivation of the assassins. The perpetrators seem to have been following the instructions of Sure , from the Koran. However, the coalition government was forced out of power by the Turkish military in , due to being suspected of having an Islamist agenda. Its owner Durmus Ali Ozoglu was indicted in March as part of the Ergenekon investigation and charged with making propaganda for the Ergenekon organization Second Ergenekon Indictment p.

To join the KMD, which had cells throughout Turkey, members had to swear an oath: "We are ready to die, be killed and kill for our cause. The report also explains that the Christian community controls "more than churches, many bookstores, one library, 6 journals, tens of foundations, publishing houses, 5 radio stations, many monasteries, 2 coffee houses, one agency, 7 companies, one hotel, one translation office, 7 newspapers, one historic building, 4 ruins, one fortress and tens of associations.

Ergenekon Indictment, pp. Ergenekon Indictment, p. Hade lives in Izmit near Istanbul. When he wanted to return to Malatya to attend the funeral of the three missionaries in April he found that his name was blacklisted. As Emre's family also comes from Dogansehir, Salih had known Emre for several years.

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Protocol of the 5 th Court Hearing, 14 April , p. He mentioned that his name was Ruhi. It later turned out that he and Emre also spoke on the phone in the months before the murder Protocol of the 9 th Court Hearing, p. According to Turkish Article and of the Turkish Penal Code law any person who has been damaged by a crime can participate in the trial as co-plaintiffs for civil claims, such as compensation. Cengiz writes a regular column at the English language daily Today's Zaman.

In , while standing trial, he became the chairman of the Turkish football club Antalyaspor. The reason is that Abdullah Suluk who is my relative is protecting me and I am next to him in his prison cell. Hurriyet called him a "mafia godfather" in Hurriyet , "Olum ucgeninde kelepceli infaz" [Handcuffed execution in the death triangle], 14 August , Milliyet dubbed him a "death machine" in Milliyet , "Olum makinesinin cezasi onandi" [The sentence against the death machine approved], 4 April He was involved in 14 murder cases and numerous injuries.

He was sentenced to death in The penality was then commuted to a lifelong sentence. It has no website of its own. Pariyaram Mathew Chacko. Varkey Chacko. Priya Chacko. George Chacko. Anders Sjoman. Reverend Kitty Burbo. Chacko , Pariyaram Mathew Chacko , K. Initially marginalized by the creation of the boundaries of the nation-state, these indigenous peoples were further hedged in by colonialism and, then, by the indifferent or patronizing modern state.

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This volume brings together significant contributions by distinguished Indian and foreign scholars on the sociolog Desiring God is a supernatural practice that, while difficult to explain, is something every Christian can and must experience.